Last time we toldabout the queen of Egypt Nefertiti, which adored all men, even Adolf Hitler. This time it will be about Genghis Khan. Some called him “the conqueror of the universe.” Others considered Genghis Khan a tyrant, a ruthless and merciless invader. Information about the legendary conqueror is rather controversial – the chronicles were written mainly after his death, so the figure of the ruler herself was covered with legends. It is known for certain that he possessed incalculable riches. Among the treasures of the ruler were gold helmet and chain mail, saddles and armor, as well as a throne and a yurt. However, they were hidden more than eight centuries ago; they cannot be found until now. It is believed that in our day the great commander would have been a billionaire who had plugged Bill Gates’s belt .
On the golden throne
“Everyone sat in a close semi-circle on the carpets. One of Genghis Khan sat above the others on a golden throne. The back of the throne was skillfully made by Chinese craftsmen in the form of intertwining “happy dragons” playing with a “pearl” resembling a sea jellyfish with long legs, and the handles of the throne depicted two angry tigers. This chair, minted from gold, Hagan (Great Khan – REM. “Tapes.ru” ) was captured in the palace of the Chinese emperor and drove with him in campaigns, ”describes one of the Mongolian dictator’s feasts in his book, Chingiz Khan .
According to the author, the young wife of leader Kulan-Khatun was all sparkling with precious necklaces and gold bracelets strung on her hands from hand to shoulder, and Chinese servants carried golden dishes with food and golden cups of koumiss and red wine to those present.
They said that at that feast, Genghis Khan impressed the guests with the luxury of this dish of precious metal, as well as an abundance and variety of food and drinks. “Because of the tent’s silk curtain, piercing songs of Chinese singers, sounds of flutes and reed pipes were heard,” writes Yang.
Genghis Khan himself sat on the throne, picking up his legs and, chomping loudly, took pieces of roasted meat from a dish that was kept in front of him, kneeling, by a Chinese servant.
The man who loved to fight most of all
For centuries, the name of Genghis Khan was synonymous with the merciless and cruel conqueror, who drowned his enemies in blood and wiped out many nations. During his reign, cruel torture was used. One of the most popular torture was to pour molten silver into the throat of the victim’s ears or to bend the enemy backward until his spine broke.
Capturing all the new territories, the khan usually did not stand on ceremony with the enemies, and gave the remaining women to his soldiers or arranged a kind of beauty contests among the captives, choosing the most beautiful. She went to his numerous harem. How many wives and especially children the ruler had was not reported.
It is only known that he was a great commander, who had repeatedly won victories over the enemy, who outnumbered him. Often he turned enemies into associates. They told the legend that in 1201 Genghis Khan was wounded by an archer from an enemy army. That battle was won by the Mongols. Then the governor ordered to find the one who shot him, but said that the archer had hit his horse. When the warrior was found, Genghis Khan, instead of somehow punishing him, invited him to go to the side of the Mongols, bestowing a high title. It is believed that this military trick helped him to win one victory after another in battles.
Fashion at Genghis Khan
At the same time, the ruler could not read or write. However, his will and the excellent skills of a warrior, speaker and organizer more than compensated for this. In addition, despite his cruelty, Genghis Khan was a religiously tolerant ruler. He studied Islam, Buddhism, Taoism and Christianity. They said that he dreamed of making the Mongol Empire a state in which there would be no religious strife.
For his relatives and close associates, he was a generous and quite friendly person. At his disposal were all possible riches and benefits of the time, but the Khan himself shunned all sorts of excesses and excessive luxury, befitting him by status, was content with little, for which he appealed to his companions.
One day he decided to teach the warriors a lesson, who began to dress in luxurious clothes that were not at all suitable for hiking. He asked them to dress in the fabric of the finest Chinese silk and went with them to the people through bushes of thorns and other prickly plants. When they came to the meeting, all silk clothing was torn to shreds. Speaking before all, the commander pointed out the unsuitability of such clothing. He said the same about various foods, urging the Mongols to return to milk and plant foods.
However, it cannot be said that Genghis Khan dressed quite simply – he loved to flaunt in a sable coat and white suede boots.
The secret of longevity
Being in old age, Genghis Khan, who was concerned about his health and longevity, began to actively seek out experienced healers who would help him to become immortal. Then comrades advised the governor to turn to one old man living in the mountains.
Khan sent his dignitary to the sage, ordering him to give him a gold paizu with the image of an angry tiger and a personal letter. In it, he reported: “The sky rejected China for its excessive luxury and arrogance. I, the inhabitant of the northern steppes, do not have lecherous inclinations. I love the simplicity and purity of morals, reject luxury and follow moderation. I always have the only canvas dress and the same food. I have the same rags as grooms, and I eat as easily as a cow. ” He further assured the elder that the kingdom he had created was not since ancient times. “My title is great, and duties are important (…). Have pity on my people. Or, out of favor with me, let me know a means to prolong life, ”the commander asked.
Initially, the Chinese sage flatly refused to go to Genghis Khan, but then still decided to go a long way to meet with Khan. The road took two years. Having entered the tent to the great commander, he did not kneel, but merely bowed.
“Genghis Khan, dark-faced, with a red-haired beard, in a black round hat with a large emerald and three foxes falling on his shoulders, sat on a golden throne, putting his legs up. He peered unblinking, greenish, like a cat’s eyes, into an old wise man, decrepit and impoverished, from whom he now expected his salvation. Genghis Khan was, like his guest, in plain linen black clothes, and his beard’s hair was also covered with white frost of old age, ”the chronicles reported.
The elder immediately admitted that there is no medicine that gives longevity. Khan thanked him for his honesty and kept it to himself. For several years, the sage lived under Genghis Khan, sharing his knowledge and ideas with the ruler. He listened to some of them.
In Mongolia, we are confident that many of the advice of the Chinese elder helped the ruler who created the great Mongolian empire. In this country, Khan is revered as a national hero. It’s not customary to talk about his cruelty. In Soviet times, any mention of the ruler was banned, but after the collapse of the USSR, the commander was spoken freely. The international airport in the capital, Ulaanbaatar, was named after him, renamed whole squares, hotels, and built universities. His portrait is now emblazoned on various household goods, stamps and even local banknotes. In 2008, a 40-meter-high equestrian statue of Genghis Khan was erected on the bank of the Tuul River in the country.
Treasures of the Conqueror
Not only the life of the commander, but his death is shrouded in mystery. According to the records of the merchant and traveler Marco Polo , who referred to ancient Eastern manuscripts, during the siege of the Tangut kingdom in 1227, the enemy’s arrow hit the knee of the khan. Blood poisoning began, which led to death. Chinese sources, in turn, argue that the great commander, who conquered almost half the world, died from the fact that during the siege of the city he was poisoned by fumes emanating from garbage, urban sewage and decaying corpses.
Tatar chronicles offer the most unusual option – Genghis Khan was killed by the Tangut queen. She got into the harem of the commander and, during the wedding night, gnawed her throat to the invader, who had treacherously plundered her homeland. However, this version is not particularly evidence.
After the death of Genghis Khan remained untold wealth that does not cease to disturb the minds of his descendants. According to historians, we are talking about five hundred tons of gold and three thousand tons of silver bullion. According to legend, the great conqueror, in anticipation of his demise, ordered to melt jewels into ingots and hide all his wealth in seven wells before the last march.
However, some products remained intact. It was said that dozens of horses, loaded with treasure, stretched for several kilometers. They carried a blue diamond, removed from the forehead of the goddess Shiva, a gold nugget weighing 78 kilograms, golden mail and a golden helmet belonging to Genghis Khan, as well as golden saddles and armor, a golden yurt and a throne.
The warriors who hid the treasures of Genghis Khan were immediately executed. To avoid the slightest leakage of information, the executioners themselves went after them. Where is the grave of the conqueror, is also unknown. Mongolian historians believe that the last refuge of the legendary Khan is located in the mountains north of Ulan Bator, their Chinese colleagues believe that this is a completely different place.
Four years ago , Time magazine conducted a study compiling a list of the ten richest and most influential people of all times and peoples. The authors compared the wealth possessed by famous personalities, taking into account the time period in which they lived, as well as the then existing economic systems. So, it turned out that Bill Gates, considered to be one of the wealthiest of living people, was just a little ahead of Genghis Khan. And the founder of Microsoft owned almost $ 79 billion at that time.