Viktor Mikhailovich Glushkov (August 24, 1923 – January 30, 1982) was the founder of information technology in the USSR and one of the founders of cybernetics. He was born in Rostov-on-Don, RSFSR, in the family of a mining engineer. He graduated from Rostov State University in 1948, and in 1952 he defended his thesis at Moscow State University.
In 1956, he began working in the field of computer science and worked in Kiev as director of the computer center of the Academy of Sciences of Ukraine. In 1958, he became a member of the Communist Party.
He made a contribution to the theory of automata. He and his followers successfully applied this theory to increase the production of computers. His book on this topic, “synthesis of digital automatons,” has become widely known. For this work, he was awarded the Lenin Prize in 1964 and was elected a member of the USSR Academy of Sciences.
He significantly influenced many other areas of theoretical computer science (including the theory of programming and artificial intelligence ), as well as its application in the USSR. He published about 800 publications.
One of his greatest practical goals was the creation of the National Automated Economy Management System (OGAS), which provides for the creation of a network of computers to manage the distribution of resources and information among organizations in the national economy, which will be the highest form of socialist planning than the preserved Stalinist command economy. This ambitious project ahead of its time, was first proposed and modeled in 1962. He received opposition from many high-ranking leaders of the Communist Party, who considered the system under threat of party control of the economy. By the early 1970s, interest in this system was over.
Glushkov founded the Department of Theoretical Cybernetics and Optimal Control Methods in the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology in 1967 and the Department of Theoretical Cybernetics of Kiev State University in 1969 in Kiev. The Institute of Cybernetics of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, which he created, is named in his honor.